What are the risks associated with IVF?

In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a widely used fertility treatment, but like any medical procedure, it comes with its own set of risks. These risks range from minor side effects to more serious complications that can affect both the mother and the potential child.

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)

OHSS is a condition where the ovaries respond too well to the fertility drugs and produce too many eggs, leading to swelling and pain.

Multiple Pregnancies

IVF increases the likelihood of multiple pregnancies, which come with their own set of risks such as premature birth and low birth weight.

Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

Birth Defects

While the risk is relatively low, IVF has been associated with a slight increase in the risk of birth defects.

Emotional and Psychological Risks

The IVF process can be emotionally draining due to its invasive nature, cost, and uncertain outcomes, leading to stress and anxiety.


While IVF offers a viable path to parenthood for many struggling with infertility, it’s crucial to be aware of the associated risks. Consult your healthcare provider for a comprehensive understanding of these risks before undergoing the procedure.